• Lucio Fontana


The Argentine-Italian artist Lucio Fontana (1899–1968) deals with the spatial quality of sculptures and paintings and founded the spatialism art movement. The departure of two-dimensionality, of traditional painting and its smooth surface is elevated to a philosophical-compositional image program in Fontana's spatial concepts, the Concetti Spaziale.

His canvases, which are often monochrome, are provided with characteristic cuts or even punctured in a calculated manner. This creates complex energetic patterns that oscillate between a dynamic joy in experimentation and well thought-out destruction of the painted canvas. Fontana recorded these highly innovative artistic ideas in his Manifiesto Blanco (White Manifesto, 1946), as the initial of a new art genre located between architecture, painting and sculpture, which redefined both the dynamics of space and the Significantly influenced the installations of future generations of artists.

In the course of his artistic development, Fontana increasingly realized his creative visions in abstraction. From the mid-1930s onwards, Fontana began to implement his literally large-scale artistic ideas with ceramic works, which ultimately enabled him to take part in the 17th Venice Biennale. It was not until 1947 that Fontana returned to Italy after his exile in Argentina to resume his artistic career in Europe.

In addition to numerous other manifestos, Fontana also campaigned for the end of static art genres. Throughout his life he stood for a departure from the conventional use of artistic media. In his works he then exploded demonstratively the traditional ideas of painting and created with his "Buchi", the perforated and "Tagli" the cut canvases, the world-famous turning point through a visionary work of shadows, inclusion of the environment, form reduction and the Destruction of the metaphorical basis of academic-artistic development.

I do not want to make a painting; I want to open up space.

Lucio Fontana, 1968 ©Photo, Lothar Wolleh, ©Quotation, Lucio Fontana



Solo Exhibitions (selection)

2017 · Lucio Fontana - Ambienti/Environments, Hangar Bicocca, Mailand, Italien
· Lucio Fontana - Crosses, Galerie Karsten Greve - Paris, Paris, Frankreich
· Lucio Fontana, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes(MNBA), Buenos Aires, Argentinien
· From the Earth to the Cosmos, M & L Fine Art, London, Großbritannien
2015 · The Fontana I love, Galleria Tonelli, Mailand, Italien
· Omaggio A Lucio Fontana, Fondazione Marconi, Mailand, Italien
· Lucio Fontana - Concetti Spaziali, Galleria Civica d´Arte Moderna e Contemporanea (GAM), Turin, Italien
2014 · Lucio Fontana - Rediscovery Of A Masterpiece, Galerie Tornabuoni Art, Paris, Frankreich
· Lucio Fontana - Rétrospective, Musée d‘Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (MAM/ARC), Paris, Frankreich
2012 · segno materia spazio, Galleria Forni, Bologna, Italien
· Lucio Fontana: CeramicsAspen Art Museum, Aspen, CO, USA
· Lucio Fontana - hic et nuncGalleria Comunale di Arte Contemporanea Arezzo, Arezzo, Italien
· Lucio Fontana - Ambienti Spaziali, Gagosian Gallery, New York City, NY, USA
· Lucio Fontana: Prints and Sculpture, P. Gartventure galleryLarchmont, NY, USA
· Retrospettiva, Studio La Città, Verona, Italien
2011 · Lucio Fontana - l‘opera grafica, Galleria L‘Elefante, Treviso, Italien
2010 · Lucio Fontana: Paintings 1956-1968, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York City, NY, USA
2009 · Lucio Fontana - Today is the 1st of October - Today I leave for Paris, Tornabuoni Arte, Florence, Italien
· Lucio Fontana, Galerie Tornabuoni Art, Paris, Frankreich
· Lucio Fontana. Le scritture del disegno, Fondazione Arnaldo Pomodoro, Mailand, Italien
· Lucio Fontana - Zeichen und Zeichnung, Kunstmuseum Appenzell, Appenzell, Schweiz
2008 · Fontana. Luce e Colore,Palazzo Ducale, Genua, Italien
· Lucio Fontana – Beyond Space, IMAGO Art Gallery - London, London, Großbritannien
· Il disegno all’origine della nuova dimensione, Museo d‘Arte Mendrisio, Mendrisio, Schweiz
· Lucio Fontana: Paintings, Sculptures and Works on Paper, Ben Brown Fine Arts, London, Großbritannien
· Lucio FontanaVEDOVI GALLERY, Brüssel, Belgien
· Lucio Fontana. ScultoreGalleria Nazionale d‘Arte Moderna (GNAM), Rom, Italien
2007 · Via Crucis - Lucio Fontana, Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand (MASP), São Paulo, Brasilien
· Lucio Fontana - At the Roots of Spatialism, Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, London, Großbritannien
2006 · Lucio Fontana: alle radici dello Spazialismo, Italian Cultural InstituteNew York City, NY, USA
· Lucio Fontana: Venice/New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY, USA
· Lucio Fontana. Venezia / New York, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venedig, Italien
· Lucio Fontana. The Poetics of Space between Creation and Representation, The State Russian Museum - Marble Palace, St. Petersburg, Russland
2005 · Lucio Fontana, Ben Brown Fine Arts, London, Großbritannien
2004 · Carriera „barocca“ di Fontana, Galleria Amedeo Porro Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Mailand, Italien
2003 · Lucio Fontana, Milan Dobes Museum, Bratislava, Slovakei
2002 · Lucio Fontana - le ceramiche, Studio La Città, Verona, Italien
2001 · Lucio Fontana, Galería Elvira González, Madrid, Spanien
2000 · Lucio Fontana, Sperone Westwater Gallery - New York City, New York City, NY, USA

Group Exhibition (selection)

2019 · Fly Me to the Moon. 50 Jahre Mondlandung, Museum der Moderne, Salzburg,Österreich
· Préhistoire, Une Énigme Moderne,Centre Pompidou, Paris,Frankreich
· Constellations: a choreography of minimal gestures, Berardo Museum, Lissabon, Portugal
· Fly me to the Moon. The Moon landing: 50 years on, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zürich, Schweiz
· Zwischen Schwarz und Weiß - Bestandsprobe V und Lon Pennock, Museum Pfalzgalerie Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern
2018 · Peindre la nuit - Painting the Night, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, Frankreich
· Colección Macba. Bajo la Superficie, Museu d‘Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Barcelona, Spanien
· Welt ohne Außen, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin
· Warum Kunst?, Ulmer Museum, Ulm
· Wohin das Auge reicht - As Far as the Eye Can See, Museum Würth, Künzelsau
2017 · El arte y el espacio, Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, Spanien
· A Tale of Two Worlds, Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt/Main
· MACBA Collection. Beneath the Surface, Museu d‘Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Barcelona, Spanien
· Infinite Garden. From Giverny to Amazonia, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, Frankreich
· Colori, Castello di Rivoli Museo d‘Arte Contemporanea, Turin, Italien
· All is motionWürth Museo La Rioja, Agoncillo, Spanien
· Facing the future. Art in Europe 1945-1968, Pushkin Museum, Moskau, Russland
· Ultramar: Fontana, Kuitca, Seeber, Tessi, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spanien
· Into The Third Dimension, Städel Museum, Frankfurt/Main
2016 · Kunst in Europa 1945–1968, ZKM | Zentrum für Kunst und Medien, Karlsruhe
· Albertina Contemporary- Andy Warhol to Anselm Kiefer, Albertina, Wien, Österreich
· Contemporary Art, Albertina, Wien, Österreich
· Un art pauvre, Centre Pompidou, Paris, Frankreich
· Beckmann, Picasso, Giacometti & more, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein
· Rodin – Giacometti | Pollock – Twombly | Rothko – Serra … The Looser Collection. Dialogues., Museum Folkwang, Essen
· An Imagined Museum Works From The Centre Pompidou, The Tate And The Mmk Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt/Main
· formlos. Kunst nach 1945, Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe
· The Artist and the Book in Twentieth Century Italy, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York City, USA
2015 · Recto Verso, Fondazione Prada, Mailand, Italien
· Ceramix – Ceramic art from Gauguin to Schütte, B onnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, Niederlande
· Black Sun, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen, Schweiz
· Species of Spaces, Museu d‘Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Barcelona, Spanien
· Especies de espacios, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Buenos Aires (MACBA), Buenos Aires, Argentinien
· ero: Let Us Explore The Stars, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Niederlande
· Simple Forms: Contemplating Beauty, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
· Zero Die Internationale Kunstbewegung Der 1950er Und 60er Jahre, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin
· Cézanne bis Richter, Kunstmuseum Basel / Gegenwart, Basel, Schweiz
2014 · El retorno de la serpiente. Mathias Goeritz y la invención de la arquitectura emocional, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spanien
· Zero: Countdown To Tomorrow, 1950s–60s, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, USA
· AZIMUT/H. Continuità e nuovo, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venedig, Italien
· 10 Jahre Hubertus Schoeller Stiftung, Leopold Hoesch Museum, Düren
· Eine Grosse Idee – 50 Jahre Lehmbruck Museum, Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg
· Formes simples, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, Frankreich
· Keramische Räume, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen
· Museum of Fine Arts Boston (MFA), Boston, USA
· Temi & Variazioni. L‘impero Della Luce, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venedig, Italien
2013 · Eine Handvoll Erde aus dem Paradies, Magische Objekte und Bilder aus dem Museum Morsbroich, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen
· The anatomy lesson, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague, Niederlande
· Die Sammlung Hubert Looser, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zürich, Schweiz
· Postwar. Protagonisti dell’arte italiana del secondo dopoguerra, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venedig, Italien
2012 · The Small Utopia. Ars Multiplicata, Fondazione Prada, Venedig, Italien
· Reflecting Fashion - kunst und Mode seit der Moderne, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig (MUMOK), Wien, Österreich
· Auf Augenhöhe: Meisterwerke aus Mittelalter und Moderne, Ulmer Museum, Ulm